We previously explored how the many theories of leadership in a previous article. Theories included opposing views, leadership is an art that cannot be learned and leadership is a skill that can be learned. Today, we are going to follow up on that article by exploring the types of leaders identifiable in many literature.
Charismatic leadership: Leaders with an extraordinary power to charm and influence decisions of people . These people possess certain personalities that is a ‘gift’ to them, allowing them to be accepted as leaders. President Barack Obama and Apple CEO Steve Jobs are two people that are often cited as charismatic leaders in this century. They are able to be just that by their ability to convey a common vision, which is perceived by his/her followers to be just so that good, making them effective. ‘Effective’ doesn’t necessarily translates to ‘good’ as Adolf Hitler is also cited as a charismatic leader, and we all know the sort of vision he had.
Transformational leadership: Transformational leaders are those that have the capacity to influence their followers to work well and beyond established tasks and job processes so that the followers are working towards the common objective of an organization. While charismatic leaders are able to get their followers to vouch for a common vision, transformational leaders are able to drive their followers by vested common trust on the leader. Richard Branson, CEO of Virgin Group, is a transformational leader and so is British prime ministers Tony Blair and Margaret Thatcher. They build on the existing transactional leadership, which establishes the tasks of individuals and groups.
Authentic Leaderships: These leaders are able to convey the authenticity of their values, by showing the followers and world that they are practice what they preach. They don’t trip on the sidelines as they rise to success, and even at the top, they still believe in a certain core value that got them going in the first place. The key component of an authentic leader is trust and faith given to them by their followers. Ingvar Feodor Kamprad of IKEA fame is cited as an authentic leader because he has been known to practice his low expenditure values in his personal life, such as staying at cheap hotels and eating less expensive food.
Ethical leadership: A subset of the authenthic leadership group, these leaders have a vested interest on the ethics surrounding the business that they do. By setting a set of ethics and having their followers also follow these ethics, ethical leaders stand out in the murky business world as do-gooders, that they always mean well in their business and their customers have nothing to worry about. Mahatma Gandhi and Winston Churchill are some age old ethical leaders.
Servant leadership: The last kind of leadership explored in this leadership exploration, is the servant leadership. They go beyond their own interest and focuses on their followers to grow. The focus is on the development and growth of the individuals that follow the servant leaders.